Converting TXT to EPUB- Everything that you need to know!
With the recent advent of e-book readers such as Kindle, iPad et al., this new format called EPUB seems to have taken everyone’s fancy. EPUB made its mark, even though other established formats like PDF or DOC remain strong. What is EPUB all about? Why is EPUB so preferable that it has become the new de-facto benchmark for e-books?
What are EPUB and TXT file formats?
Open eBook Forum designed EPUB, also known as Electronic Publishing. International Digital Publishing Forum or IDPF further enhanced everything in it. This open-standard file format, used for digital books, is based on XHTML and XML.
An EPUB file, which is a zip archive, contains HTML content, metadata that describes the book and also a navigation map which describes the structure of the e-book. You can also encrypt an EPUB. However, that depends on the cooperation between a particular platform and the similar reader software.
The main advantage of converting TXT to EPUB and using this format for reading e-books is that it allows the text to adjust automatically or reflow according to the screen sizes such as the different screen sizes for smartphones, e-reader devices, and netbooks. This file format also supports fixed-layout content.
Why Do Many Readers Prefer EPUB?
EPUB is the preferred reading format on almost all e-book readers including the Barnes & Noble Nook, Android and also the Apple iOS iBooks platform which runs on iPad and iPhone.
The most common file format in use is the TXT file format. These files contain very few format information and are a universal and cross-platform file. So any program which can read text will also be able to read any file with .txt extension.
The first e-books in history came out in plain text format. The Project Gutenberg community had supplied it for free. The plain text files are the oldest and the simplest files since they contain only letters, numbers, spaces, and punctuations. Since a plain text file contains only ASCII or Unicode text, it has the most basic e-book encoding that is possible and hence has excellent portability. Most devices support it as it is the simplest format. Almost all operating systems, including Macintosh, UNIX, DOS and Microsoft Windows can read the ASCII text files with the newer operating systems supporting Unicode text files also.
Various Types of E-Book Formats
EPUB Reader, Adobe Digital Editions, Firefox add-on and Quick Reader support the EPUB files. Files with this format can be opened on many devices such as iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, Kobo reader, Sony reader and Barnes & Noble’s Nook.
This format is exclusively meant for Amazon’s Kindle as it is an Amazon format. The AZW format is a MOBI format and uses a high compression option. This file format has become versatile, with the release of Kindle apps that can be used in devices other than on the Kindle reader. You can now open it on various devices such as iPhone, Blackberry and Android phones, tablets and Personal computers.
Microsoft Reader Software developed this format. Hanlin e-Reader and PC’s to support LIT though it was initially native to Windows devices. However, from November 2011, Microsoft discontinued the format LIT and also ended Microsoft Reader. So even though readers may be using Microsoft Reader on their devices, they will be unable to add any new content.
Adobe Portable Document File
PDF file format, also known as Portable Document Format, was developed by Adobe and is one of the most popular file formats in use today since many devices contain the software support for this file format. There are many PDF viewers including Adobe Reader, Nitro PDF Reader, Foxit Reader, XPDF and PDF-XChange viewer, most of which are freeware. Though PDF is a popular format for fixed-layout and complex documents, the main disadvantage of this file format is that it becomes unreadable when reduced to fit on the small screens of smartphones as the file format is scaled for A4 or letter size.
Open Document File
The Open Document File format is based on XML. It is the default file format for Open Office, which is an open-source productivity suite that is gaining popularity over Microsoft Office.
Pocket Reader for Mobi mainly uses this format. Mobi Pocket’s reading software supports it. You can also install Mobi on many PDAs and smartphones. Third party readers can also open these files. This includes Kindle for PC, Stanza, FB Reader and STDU Viewer.
There are many disadvantages of this file format. It does not allow the scaling of sizes of images, tablets on different devices. Different readers display the content in a different manner. Also, nested tables can support the format as well.
The Need for Files to Be Converted from TXT to EPUB
But there are disadvantages to using text files on e-book readers and so the need to convert text to EPUB arises.
- These plain text formats do not support the Digital Rights Management or DRM or many formatting options such as different fonts, colours or graphics.
- There also lies the potential for portability problems of ASCII text files. Different operating systems have different line-ending conventions and also their interpretations of values other than in the ASCII range also varies. With free software, the conversion of files between various line-ending conventions is easy. For instance, Apple’s OS X and UNIX use LF, Windows and DOS use CRLF, and Mac OS uses CR. As a rule, these breaks lines to fit 80 characters while each paragraph may become one line. A text file size consists of bytes which is a measure of the number of characters and the line spaces where each new line counting is either 1 or 2. For instance, the Bible with 800,000 approx is 4 MB approx.
- Plain text files also consume more storage space and also are more expensive, meaning requires more CPU time, to interpret and process.
- You cannot use this format for Children’s books as EPUB does not support illustrations.
1. Convert TXT to EPUB File Format
Convert text to EPUB file format online:
i) Use the Convertfiles.com online tool for converting any text file to EPUB file format. It is a convenient and easy tool.
- You need to upload the text file to it.
- In the target box, select EPUB and then click on Convert.
- A link for downloading the file will appear.
- You can mail the file so that you can download it.
ii) One can also use zamzar.com to convert files online for free.
- You need to select the file for processing.
- Then, you need to select the output format, EPUB in this case.
- After this, You have to enter your e-mail address so that you can mail it.
- You can now click the convert button to start the conversion of your text file.
2. Why EPUB is the Most Popularly Used File Format
- An e-book format should have some features which would make the reading experience a pleasant one.
- The format should also be open-standard or should be at least openly licensed.
- Also, the publisher, as well as hardware vendors, have ti support it.
Buying e-books require a lot of compromises due to the absence of a perfect file format. In case the file is either unprotected or protected by a DRM wrapper, then it can prevent you from reading the book even if the file format is compatible with the reader that you are using.
In many respects, EPUB is the best thing that has happened since the evolution of e-books and converting text to EPUB has its advantages. The file format consists of a collection of HTML files and some metadata in a zip file. It is cross-platform, versatile, light-weight and simple.
- Most popular e-book readers are able to handle it except Amazon’s Kindle. The EPUB format has become popular as an XML-based e-book format which is also vendor-independent. The EPUB format is supported across all platforms and can be read by a number of devices including Kobo e-reader, Barnes & Noble’s Nook, Sony reader and the iBook apps of Apple’s which run on Macintosh computers as well as iOS devices. Other devices include BlackBerry devices, Aldiko on Android, Cool reader, apps of Google books which run on Android and iOS devices.
- The EPUB file format is an open-standard format which means it is free. It is publicly available, but there are also specific rules for using the file format. International Digital Publishing Forum maintains the EPUB format.
- EPUB file formats are capable of displaying reflowable contents and fixed width layout. So, the display of the file is adjusted according to the screen of the output device. The Text looks more organized around the device screen with EPUB file format . The page breaks adjust and change according to the size of the device screen. With a well-designed EPUB, the images also resize proportionately to the screen and the text flows properly around the images.
- You can easily convert EPUB into other formats. This is because EPUB is basically a HTML file. The file format uses standard CSS and HTML for formatting making it easy for users to modify fonts, colours and sizes as needed.
In short, there are no barriers and boundaries in the EPUB format. Well-supported, open, readily available and powerful, it is no wonder that EPUB has today become the most popular file format. If you are looking to convert your txt file format into EPUB, then look no more. Print2eforms helps you in doing that professionally.